Summaries and Sources

Chapter 3
Collective action among virtual selves:
How interaction and identity shape hacktivist participation

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This chapter focuses on the role of identity incentives in shaping political participation. It finds a strong correlation between hacktivist origins and the type of hacktivism engaged in: hacktivists from the hacker-programmer world do political cracking or political coding, while hacktivists from the artist-activist world of the postmodern left do performative hacktivism. The role of identity in shaping these patterns is confirmed by the way hacktivists talk about different forms of hacktivism, and about their experiences with collaboration.


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