Summaries and Sources

Chapter 2
A Taxonomy of Hacktivism

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This chapter presents a taxonomy of hacktivism defined by variation in hacktivist origins (in the hacker-programmer or artist-activist worlds) and orientations (transgressive or outlaw). The dissertation coins three terms to describe the three types of hacktivism, which are defined by variations in hacktivist origins and orientations:

 

Sources

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Wikipedia, July 11, 2004

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Steven Levy (New York: Penguin Books, 1984)

A Brief History of Hackerdom
Eric Steven Raymond, August 25, 2000

From ARPANET to Usenet News: On the Nourishment of the Net Commonwealth
Ronda Hauben

A Short History of the Internet
Bruce Sterling, The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction, February, 1993

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Biella Coleman, Sarai Reader 03, March, 2003

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Pippa Norris (Cambridge ; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001)

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Matthew Skala, August 1, 1996, 1996

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Steven Best and Douglas Kellner

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Ellen Meiksins Wood, Jul, 1995

Activism after Seattle: Dilemmas of the Anti-globalisation Movement
Roland Bleiker, Pacifica Review, October, 2002

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Sakari Hanninen, Mar, 2003

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Critical Art Ensemble., The Drama Review, Winter, 2000

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Augusto Boal (New York: Routledge, 1999)

No Logo
Naomi Klein (Toronto: Vintage Canada, 2000)

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David M. Boje, April 30, 2001

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Douglas Thomas (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2002)

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Xavier La Canna, The Age, May 8, 2001

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Julian Borger, The Guardian, November 5, 1999

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Steven Mizrach

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Pro-Palestinian Hackers Strike Again
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Mass defacement
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Site defacement
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Ricardo Dominguez, January 25, 2002

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Oxblood Ruffin, March 28, 2004

About the Peekabooty Project

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LoU STRIKE OUT WITH INTERNATIONAL COALITION OF HACKERS: A JOINT STATEMENT BY 2600, THE CHAOS COMPUTER CLUB, THE CULT OF THE DEADCOW, !HISPAHACK, L0PHT HEAVY INDUSTRIES, PHRACK AND PULHA
1999

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